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  1. Content type: Research

    Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency is the most common cause of primary adrenal insufficiency in children. Current guidelines recommend the use of perioperative stress dose (s...

    Authors: Munier A. Nour, Hardave Gill, Prosanta Mondal, Mark Inman and Kristine Urmson

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2018 2018:8

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1 (MEN1) is a rare autosomal dominant disease that generally presents with primary hyperparathyroidism. However, initial presentation may vary and continued reevaluation of et...

    Authors: Yasmin Akhtar, Angela Verardo and Janet L. Crane

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2018 2018:7

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  3. Content type: Research

    Insulin Degludec (IDeg) is a new ultra-long-acting basal insulin that has not been yet evaluated in Indian pediatric population. We aim to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IDeg as basal-bolus therapy in Ind...

    Authors: Inderpal Singh Kochar and Aashish Sethi

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2018 2018:6

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is the leading cause of persistent hypoglycemia in infants. The infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) very frequently present with neonatal hypoglycemia associated to transient hy...

    Authors: Lina Huerta-Saenz, Carol Saunders and Yun Yan

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2018 2018:5

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  5. Content type: Research

    Early diagnosis of girls with Turner syndrome (TS) is essential to provide timely intervention and support. The screening guidelines for TS suggest karyotype evaluation in patients presenting with short statur...

    Authors: Louise Apperley, Urmi Das, Renuka Ramakrishnan, Poonam Dharmaraj, Jo Blair, Mohammed Didi and Senthil Senniappan

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2018 2018:4

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  6. Content type: Research

    The factory calibrated FreeStyle Libre (FSL) flash glucose monitoring system has been recently introduced for use in patients with diabetes mellitus. There are no reports available regarding its use in patient...

    Authors: Hussain Alsaffar, Lucy Turner, Zoe Yung, Mohammed Didi and Senthil Senniappan

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2018 2018:3

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Desert hedgehog (DHH) mutations have been described in only a limited number of individuals with 46, XY disorders of sex development (DSD) presenting as either partial or complete gonadal dysgenesis. Gonadal tumo...

    Authors: Karen M. Rothacker, Katie L. Ayers, Dave Tang, Kiranjit Joshi, Jocelyn A. van den Bergen, Gorjana Robevska, Naeem Samnakay, Lakshmi Nagarajan, Kate Francis, Andrew H. Sinclair and Catherine S. Choong

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2018 2018:2

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  8. Content type: Research

    In patients with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) body composition is abnormal and alterations in appetite regulating factors, bone mineral density and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels have been describe...

    Authors: I. Caroline van Nieuwpoort, Jos W. R. Twisk, Leopold M. G. Curfs, Paul Lips and Madeleine L. Drent

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2018 2018:1

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  9. Content type: Letter to the Editor

    The determination of the testicular volume is of considerable importance to assess the onset, progression and disorders of puberty, abnormal testicular development, and a number of other conditions; and in adu...

    Authors: Juan F. Sotos and Naomi J. Tokar

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:14

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  10. Content type: Case report

    Hypoglycemia due to a pancreatic beta cell neoplasm - insulinoma, is uncommon with only a few cases described. We report on a previously healthy 15-year-old Hispanic female with insulinoma who presented with a...

    Authors: Meghana Gudala, Mahmuda Ahmed, Rushika Conroy and Ksenia Tonyushkina

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:13

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  11. Content type: Case report

    We report a female patient with endocrine abnormalities, hypogonadotropic hypogonadism and amazia (breasts aplasia/hypoplasia but normal nipples and areolas) in a rare syndrome: Van Maldergem syndrome (VMS).

    Authors: Juan Sotos, Katherine Miller, Donald Corsmeier, Naomi Tokar, Benjamin Kelly, Vijay Nadella, Huachun Zhong, Amy Wetzel, Brent Adler, Chack-Yung Yu and Peter White

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:12

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  12. Content type: Review

    Congenital hypothyroidism occurs in approximately 1 in 2000 newborns and can have devastating neurodevelopmental consequences if not detected and treated promptly. While newborn screening has virtually eradica...

    Authors: Christine E. Cherella and Ari J. Wassner

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:11

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  13. Content type: Review

    Glucose homeostasis requires appropriate and synchronous coordination of metabolic events and hormonal activities to keep plasma glucose concentrations in a narrow range of 3.5–5.5 mmol/L. Insulin, the only gl...

    Authors: Huseyin Demirbilek, Sofia A. Rahman, Gonul Gulal Buyukyilmaz and Khalid Hussain

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:9

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  14. Content type: Case report

    De novo truncating and splicing mutations in the additional sex combs-like 3 (ASXL3) gene have been implicated in the development of Bainbridge-Ropers syndrome (BRPS) characterised by severe developmental delay, ...

    Authors: Dinesh Giri, Daniel Rigden, Mohammed Didi, Matthew Peak, Paul McNamara and Senthil Senniappan

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:8

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  15. Content type: Research

    Testicular volumes obtained with orchidometers or external linear measurements in the scrotum (centimeter ruler or calipers) grossly over-estimate ultrasound volumes, have much variability and may not be accur...

    Authors: Juan F. Sotos and Naomi J. Tokar

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:7

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:10

  16. Content type: Research

    Data on normative clitoral sizes in newborns is relatively sparse and racial/ethnic differences have also been reported. This study was performed to establish norms for clitoral size in term Ghanaian female ne...

    Authors: Serwah Bonsu Asafo-Agyei, Emmanuel Ameyaw, Jean-Pierre Chanoine, Margaret Zacharin and Samuel Blay Nguah

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:6

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  17. Content type: Research

    We aimed to determine the extent of post-treatment weight gain that occurs in pediatric patients in the first year following radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy for Graves disease (GD) and its relationship to cli...

    Authors: Melinda Chen, Matthew Lash, Todd Nebesio and Erica Eugster

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:5

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  18. Content type: Research

    Genital surgery in Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) has been an area of debate over the past 20 years. Emerging scientific evidence in the late 1990s defied the then routine practice to surgically align geni...

    Authors: Pierre Bougnères, Claire Bouvattier, Maryse Cartigny and Lina Michala

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:3

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  19. Content type: Research

    Genital measurements are a useful adjunct in the early detection of various endocrine conditions including hypopituitarism and disorders of sexual differentiation. Standards for genital sizes have been publish...

    Authors: Serwah Bonsu Asafo-Agyei, Emmanuel Ameyaw, Jean-Pierre Chanoine and Samuel Blay Nguah

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:2

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Hypoparathyroidism in children is a heterogeneous group with diverse genetic etiologies. To aid clinicians in the investigation and management of children with hypoparathyroidism, we describe the phenotype of ...

    Authors: Mary B. Abraham, Dong Li, Dave Tang, Susan M. O’Connell, Fiona McKenzie, Ee Mun Lim, Hakon Hakonarson, Michael A. Levine and Catherine S. Choong

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2017 2017:1

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Rabson Mendenhall syndrome is a rare endocrine condition characterized by severe insulin resistance and hyperglycemia. It occurs due to mutations in the insulin receptor gene. Few mutations which are associate...

    Authors: Krishnapradeep Sinnarajah, M. B. K. C. Dayasiri, N. D. W. Dissanayake, S. T. Kudagammana and A. H. H. M. Jayaweera

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:21

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  22. Content type: Review

    In pediatric patients, basal testosterone and gonadotropin levels may be uninformative in the assessment of testicular function. Measurement of serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) has become increasingly widesp...

    Authors: Nadia Y. Edelsztein, Romina P. Grinspon, Helena F. Schteingart and Rodolfo A. Rey

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:20

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  23. Content type: Research

    Long-term growth hormone (GH) treatments in short children born small for gestational age (SGA) restore lipid metabolism, but also increase insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influen...

    Authors: Reiko Horikawa, Toshiaki Tanaka, Hiromi Nishinaga, Yoshihisa Ogawa and Susumu Yokoya

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:19

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  24. Content type: Case report

    We report the case of a 6 year old boy suffering from adenohypophysis aplasia as well as ectopic neurohypophysis and delayed diagnosis of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF).

    Authors: Laura Olbrich, Eva Schmidt, Ertan Mayatepek and Markus Vogel

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:18

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  25. Content type: Research

    Little is known about the comparative effects of different glucocorticoids on the adrenal and growth hormone (GH) axes in children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH). We sought to compare the effects of...

    Authors: Todd D. Nebesio, Jamie L. Renbarger, Zeina M. Nabhan, Sydney E. Ross, James E. Slaven, Lang Li, Emily C. Walvoord and Erica A. Eugster

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:17

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  26. Content type: Case report

    Agranulocytosis is regarded as a rare side effect of methimazole (MMI) therapy that occurs in a dose dependent manner and that usually develops within the first 3–6 months of treatment. Although delayed develo...

    Authors: Vidya Puthenpura, Kinjal Desai, Andrew Bauer and Ian Marshall

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:16

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  27. Content type: Research

    In girls with Idiopathic Central Precocious Puberty (ICPP) concern has been raised by the potential impact of GnRH-analogues (GnRHa) treatment on body weight. We evaluated the effect of GnRHa on Body Mass Inde...

    Authors: A. J. Arcari, M. G. Gryngarten, A. V. Freire, M. G. Ballerini, M. G. Ropelato, I. Bergadá and M. E. Escobar

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:15

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Insulinoma is a rare diagnosis in the general population with estimates of 1 in 250,000 people per year. Reports of these pancreatic islet cell tumors are even more unusual in children and adolescents. Chronic...

    Authors: Kelsee Halpin, Ryan McDonough, Patria Alba, Jared Halpin, Vivekanand Singh and Yun Yan

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:14

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  29. Content type: Case report

    One third of infants with congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) are said to have micropenis and/or bilateral or unilateral cryptorchidism leading many of them to orchiopexy. Our previous study in two ...

    Authors: Anne-Sophie Lambert and Pierre Bougneres

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:13

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  30. Content type: Case report

    17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 (17βHSD3) deficiency is a rare cause of disorder of sex development (DSD) due to impaired conversion of androstenedione to testosterone. Traditionally, the diagnosis was...

    Authors: Chelsey Grimbly, Oana Caluseriu, Peter Metcalfe, Mary M. Jetha and Elizabeth T. Rosolowsky

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:12

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  31. Content type: Case report

    Classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) requires lifetime steroid replacement and supraphysiologic glucocorticoid dose is often required for adequate adrenal androgen suppression. Patients often suffer fr...

    Authors: Urania Dagalakis, Ashwini Mallappa, Meredith Elman, Martha Quezado and Deborah P. Merke

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:10

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  32. Content type: Research

    Women with type 1 diabetes (T1D) have a four-fold increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) compared to non-diabetic (non-DM) women, as opposed to double the risk in T1D men compared to non-DM men. It is...

    Authors: Talia L. Brown, David M. Maahs, Franziska K. Bishop, Janet K. Snell-Bergeon and R. Paul Wadwa

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:8

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  33. Content type: Research

    Adolescents with childhood onset growth hormone deficiency (CO-GHD) require re-evaluation of their growth hormone (GH) axis on attainment of final height to determine eligibility for adult GH therapy (rhGH).

    Authors: M. Ahmid, V. Fisher, A. J. Graveling, S. McGeoch, E. McNeil, J. Roach, J. S. Bevan, L. Bath, M. Donaldson, G. Leese, A. Mason, C. G. Perry, N. N. Zammitt, S. F. Ahmed and M. G. Shaikh

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:6

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  34. Content type: Research

    Hypopituitarism and obesity are causes of major lifelong morbidity in patients with optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH). Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) affects the majority of children with ONH, though the degree of...

    Authors: Carly Stewart, Pamela Garcia-Filion, Cassandra Fink, Anna Ryabets-Lienhard, Mitchell E. Geffner and Mark Borchert

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:5

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  35. Content type: Research

    Premature thelarche (PT) seems to be increasing and it is difficult to differentiate its early stages from precocious puberty (PP). Clinical and biochemical parameters are warranted to differentiate the two di...

    Authors: Mia Elbek Sømod, Esben Thyssen Vestergaard, Kurt Kristensen and Niels Holtum Birkebæk

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:4

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  36. Content type: Research

    Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) results from a number of conditions affecting the hypothalamic-neurohypophyseal system to cause vasopressin deficiency. Diagnosis of CDI is challenging, and clinical data and g...

    Authors: Janel D. Hunter and Ali S. Calikoglu

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:3

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  37. Content type: Research

    Parental support and care-coordination are vital for youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in achieving positive health outcomes. Yet, studies are rarely designed to identify factors that influence parent/youth col...

    Authors: Ashby Walker, Desmond Schatz, Cathryn Johnson, Janet Silverstein, Shannon Lyles and Henry Rohrs

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:2

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  38. Content type: Research

    We reviewed our institutional experience in the diagnosis and management of pediatric thyroid nodules and well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma (WDTC), highlighting the unique challenges in this population.

    Authors: Wen Jiang, Robert O. Newbury and Ron S. Newfield

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2016 2016:1

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  39. Content type: Research

    Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone (CRH) testing is used to evaluate suspected adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency, but the clinical characteristics that affect response in young children are incomplete...

    Authors: Mary Ellen Vajravelu, Jared Tobolski, Evanette Burrows, Marianne Chilutti, Rui Xiao, Vaneeta Bamba, Steven Willi, Andrew Palladino, Jon M. Burnham and Shana E. McCormack

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2015 2015:22

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  40. Content type: Research

    Outcome information regarding females with classical congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) have generally suggested poor quality of life (QoL), general maladjustment, problems regarding sexuality, and decreased...

    Authors: Mansi Kanhere, John Fuqua, Richard Rink, Christopher Houk, David Mauger and Peter A. Lee

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2015 2015:21

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  41. Content type: Case report

    The focal form of congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) is characterized by a cluster of abnormal insulin-oversecreting β cells within a restricted area of the pancreas. Although identification of the focal lesion ...

    Authors: Yukiko Hashimoto, Azumi Sakakibara, Rie Kawakita, Yuki Hosokawa, Rika Fujimaru, Tetsuro Nakamura, Hiroko Fukushima, Aiko Igarashi, Michiya Masue, Hironori Nishibori, Nobuyoshi Tamagawa, Akiko Murakami, Kazue Hatake and Tohru Yorifuji

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2015 2015:20

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  42. Content type: Research

    Turner syndrome (TS) and Noonan syndrome (NS) are distinct syndromes associated with short stature and other similar phenotypic features. We compared the responses to growth hormone (GH) therapy of TS and NS p...

    Authors: Peter A. Lee, Judith L. Ross, Birgitte Tønnes Pedersen, Primoz Kotnik, John A. Germak and Henrik T. Christesen

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2015 2015:17

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  43. Content type: Case report

    Cushing Syndrome is difficult to diagnose, and the comorbidities and persistent late effects of hypercortisolemia after treatment of the primary disease are challenging for the patient and the endocrinologist.

    Authors: Sara K. Bartz, Lefkothea P. Karaviti, Mary L. Brandt, Monica E. Lopez, Prakash Masand, Sridevi Devaraj, John Hicks, Lauren Anderson, Maya Lodish, Meg Keil and Constantine A. Stratakis

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2015 2015:19

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  44. Content type: PES Review

    Turner syndrome is a chromosomal abnormality in which there is complete or partial absence of the X chromosome. Turner syndrome effects 1 in every 2000 live births. Short stature is a cardinal feature of Turne...

    Authors: Nicole M. Sheanon and Philippe F. Backeljauw

    Citation: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology 2015 2015:18

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