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Molecular basis of transient neonatal diabetes mellitus in Japan: frequent KATP-TNDM and identification of a patient with a monoallelic INS mutation
International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology volume 2015, Article number: O32 (2015)
It has been reported that the most common (~70%) form of transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM) is 6q24-related TNDM, followed by TNDM caused by activating mutations in the KATP channel genes (KCNJ11 and ABCC8, KATP-TNDM) which accounts for approximately 30% of TNDM. Recessive promoter mutations in the insulin (INS) gene also have been reported as rare causes of TNDM.
To elucidate the molecular basis of TNDM in Japan.
Nineteen Japanese patients with TNDM were analysed by methylation specific PCR of the differentially methylated region at chromosome 6q24 and by PCR amplification and direct sequencing of all exons and exon-intron boundaries of the KCNJ11, ABCC8, and INS genes.
6q24 abnormalities were identified in 7 (paternal duplication in 4, paternal uniparental disomy or epimutation in 3), mutations of ABCC8 (R1380C, R216C, V607M) in 3, KCNJ11 (E227K, R50Q, C42R) in 3, and INS (Q62X) in 1.
As compared with previous reports, the frequency of KATP channel mutations were higher in this Japanese cohort. In addition, this is the first report of a monoallelic, coding sequence mutation in the INS gene (Q62X) responsible for TNDM.
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Yorifuji, T., Hosokawa, Y., Kawakita, R. et al. Molecular basis of transient neonatal diabetes mellitus in Japan: frequent KATP-TNDM and identification of a patient with a monoallelic INS mutation. Int J Pediatr Endocrinol 2015, O32 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1186/1687-9856-2015-S1-O32
- Molecular Basis
- Japanese Patient
- KATP Channel
- Channel Gene
- Promoter Mutation