Criteria of radiological diagnosis for neonates with hypochondroplasia
© Nagasaki et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015
Published: 28 April 2015
The diagnosis of hypochondroplasia (HCH) is hampered by absence of radiological criteria relevant to the age-dependent manifestations, particularly those in the neonatal period. This work deals with the radiological features in hypochondroplastic neonates with a FGFR3 mutation, including quantitative measurement that facilitates the definitive diagnosis. We propose the radiological criteria for HCH in the neonatal period.
Patients and methods
Subjects included six HCH neonates with FGFR3 mutations and 30 control subjects, in whom radiological examination was available as a neonate. The following findings were evaluated: 1) short ilia, 2) squared ilia, 3) short greater sciatic notch, 4) horizontal acetabula, 5) short femora, 6) stubby femora, 7) metaphyseal flaring, 8) lumboscaral interpediculate distance narrowing, and 9) oval radiolucency in the proximal femora.
All measurement parameters for short ilia, short greater sciatic notch, horizontal acetabula, short femora and stubby femora (parameters 1, 3, 4, 5, and 6) were statistically different between HCH and control, while the other parameters 2, 7, and 8 were not. Based on these results, we tentatively made the criteria and scoring system for the diagnosis of HCH. The major criteria that are given a score of 2 comprise parameters 1, 3, and 6, whose distribution was not overlapped between HCH and control. The minor criteria that are given a score of 1 point comprise parameters 4 and 5, and 9, because the parameter 4 was overlapped in distribution between HCH and control, the parameter 5 is a non-specific finding, and the parameter 9 is subjective in assessment. We presumed that a total score of 6 points or higher warrant a diagnosis of HCH.
HCH was clearly distinguishable from normal infants assessing the skeletal findings of the ilia and proximal femora on neonatal roentgenograms. We compiled a set of diagnostic criteria for the early diagnosis of hypochondroplastic neonates.
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