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Pediatrician level of knowledge on management of type 1 diabetes mellitus and diabetic ketoacidosis


Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose level that result from defects in insulin secretion and/or action. Prevalence of type 1 DM (T1DM) has increased every year, including in Asian countries. Effective management of T1DM needs balancies of insulin treatment, diet, physical activities, and education. Physician that involve in T1DM management should to have adequate competencies and should be able to provide specific attentions as T1DM is a condition that may need long-term monitoring and treatment as well as may have potency of complications, both acute and chronic.


To examine pediatrician level of knowledge on T1DM and diabetic ketoacidocis (DKA) management and factors that influence their level of knowledge.


Research design was a cross-sectional study. Data collected in Banten and Surabaya from August to September 2009. Study population were pediatricians who attended trainings on management of T1DM and DKA in Banten and Surabaya and pediatricians among them that agreed to fill and return study questionnaire and knowledge data sheet were included as sample of this study. Bivariate analysis with X2 or Fisher Exact test (significant value p ≤ 0,05) were analysis methods applied in the study.


There were 64 subject included in the study, men 31 (48,4%) and woman 33 (51,6%). We found that younger participants have good level of knowledge with OR 3,64 (95% CI 1,29 to 10,26) and subject with shorter length of duty with good level of knowledge with OR 7,42 (95% CI 2,13 to 25,84).


There is association between younger age and shorter length of duty with pediatrician level of knowledge on T1DM and DKA management.

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Correspondence to Ratna Dewi Artati.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Artati, R.D., Widyahening, I.S. & Pulungan, A.B. Pediatrician level of knowledge on management of type 1 diabetes mellitus and diabetic ketoacidosis. Int J Pediatr Endocrinol 2013, P3 (2013).

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  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Insulin Secretion
  • Blood Glucose Level
  • Bivariate Analysis
  • Short Length