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Association between exon-3 polymorphism of the GH Receptor(GHR) gene with catch growth in children born small for gestational age

Objective

The aim of this study was to investigate relationship between GHR exon 3 genotype and catch up growth in children fullterm born small for gestational age.

Methods

Children were classified as SGA if birth weight was less than -2SDS. Catch up defined as height of less than -2SDS at the time the child was examined. DNA for the GHR exon 3 genotyping was isolated from peripheral blood lymphocytes and was analyzed by multiplex PCR.

Results

1) Total of 92 children, 74(80.4%) had sufficiently catch up. 2) 69(75%) were fl/fl, 15(16.3%) were fl/d3 and 8(8.6%) were d3/d3 the SGA groups, compared with 81%, 18%, and 1%, respectively in the Korean controls(P=0.04). 3) The highest catch up rate was seen in the fl/d3 subgroup(86.6%), the lowest in the d3/d3 subgroup (62.5%). The differences were not significant. 3)d3/d3 GHR genotype in the SGA groups is higher than in the Korean controls. 4) Fl/fl GHR genotype is higher than other published data in SGA groups.

Conclusion

Differences in the frequency distribution of the GHR polymorphism genotype between normal Korean population and SGA groups were not significant. GHR-exon 3 polymorphism did not influence the postnatal growth in Korean children with SGA. Additional studies are required to establish effect of the d3-GHR allele on prenatal growth in SGA.

Author information

Correspondence to Il Tae Hwang.

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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Birth Weight
  • Frequency Distribution
  • Child Health
  • Blood Lymphocyte
  • Peripheral Blood Lymphocyte