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Olive leaf extract improves insulin sensitivity in overweight middle aged males; a randomized, double-blinded, placebo controlled, crossover trial

Aim

To investigate the impact of supplement olive leaf extract on insulin sensitivity in overweight middle aged males.

Method

We conducted a randomized, double-blinded, placebo controlled, crossover trial on an overweight middle aged male population at risk of developing the metabolic syndrome comparing olive leaf extract containing 51.mg oleuropein and 9.7mg hydroxytyrosol to placebo. We measured insulin sensitivity (Matsuda method), pancreatic b-cell responsiveness (oral disposition index), lipid profile, ambulatory blood pressure, carotid intimal media thickness, body composition (DEXA) basal metabolic rate, hand-grip strength, wellness questionnaire, inflammatory cytokines, anti-oxidant potential all measured at baseline and end of both interventions.

Results

38 participants were suitable for analysis. Even after controlling for total calorie intake fibre intake, physical activity, age, and percentage body fat (DEXA), insulin sensitivity was significant improved on treatment Vs placebo (19% p= <0.05), as well as the oral disposition index as a marker of pancreatic b-cell responsiveness (30% p=, 0.05). The cytokine profile was consistent with improved insulin sensitivity: acutely raised IL-6, IGFBP1 and IGFBP2. No other clinical outcomes were influenced.

Conclusion

Olive leaf extract improves insulin sensitivity in overweight middle aged males. This is applicable to an overweight adolescent population.

Author information

Correspondence to Martin de Bock.

Additional information

and Wayne Cutfield contributed equally to this work.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Keywords

  • Placebo
  • Insulin Sensitivity
  • Intimal Media Thickness
  • Ambulatory Blood Pressure
  • Basal Metabolic Rate