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Table 1 Characteristics of subjects with A1c below target compared to those with A1c above target

From: Lower A1c among adolescents with lower perceived A1c goal: a cross-sectional survey

  A1c below target A1c above target P-value
(N = 42) (N = 198)
Age (years) 15.9 ± 1.8 16.1 ± 1.8 0.33
Hemoglobin A1c,% 7.0 ± 0.5 9.5 ± 1.5 < 0.0001
Sex, n (% male) 24 (57.1%) 101 (51.0%) 0.70
BMI z-score 0.56 ± 0.71 0.70 ± 0.84 0.62
Ethnicity:    0.03
  Non-Hispanic White 39 (92.9%) 149 (75.3%)  
  Hispanic 3 (7.1%) 36 (18.2%)  
  Other 0 (0%) 13 (6.6%)  
Insulin pump use 28 (67%) 109 (55%) 0.16
Categorization:    
  Stated Target Correct 0 (0%) 18 (9.1%) 0.05*
  Stated Target Incorrect 42 (100%) 180 (90.9%)  
Stated Target Above vs. Other 3 (7.1%) 20 (10.1%) 0.24*
Stated Target Below vs. Other 31 (73.8%) 117 (59.1%) 0.07
Stated Target Included vs. Other 4 (9.5%) 19 (9.6%) 0.99*
No Stated Target Given vs. Other 4 (9.5%) 24 (12.1%) 0.79*
Systolic BP (mm Hg) 114 ± 9 115 ± 9 0.56
Diastolic BP (mm Hg) 67 ± 6 70 ± 7 0.02
Total Cholesterol (mg/dl) 144 ± 25 160 ± 38 0.007
LDL-c (mg/dl) 81 ± 21 91 ± 29 0.04
HDL-c (mg/dl) 48 ± 8 51 ± 11 0.50
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 70 ± 28 90 ± 53 0.02
Tanner Stage Pubic Hair:    0.76
  1–3 5 (11.9%) 20 (10.1%)  
  4–5 31 (73.8%) 155 (78.3%)  
  Not assessed by provider 6 (14.3%) 23 (11.6%)  
  1. *Fisher’s Exact.