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Table 1 Laboratory studies done in patients with KH (N = 62)

From: Clinical and laboratory characteristics and follow up of 62 cases of ketotic hypoglycemia: a retrospective study

Assessment Obtained in % of patients Results
Glucose 100% Mean 37.3 ± 10.4 mg/dL
(2.1 ± 0.6 mmol/L
Serum CO2 78% Mean 17.8 ± 3.9 mmol/L
< 18 mmol/L in 58%
Serum cortisol 61% Mean 17.4 ± 9.8 μg/dL (480 ± 270 nmol/L)
>  10 μg/dL (> 276 nmol/L) in 84%
Serum growth hormone 28% <  7 ng/ml in 76%
Serum insulin 45% <  2 mIU/L in 23; 2–4.4 mIU/L in 4
Fasting study 27% None provided diagnosis other than KH
Plasma amino acids and urine organic acids +/− carnitine profile 58% None were diagnostic