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Table 2 Cardiovascular disease risk factors by sex and diabetes status adjusted for mean centered A1c and BMI Z-score in addition to race/ethnicity, Tanner stage, and smoking status

From: Influences of gender on cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents with and without type 1 diabetes

Variable Non-DM Type 1 diabetes P-value for interaction
Gender Boys Girls Boys Girls All
Total cholesterol, mg/dl(2,4) 151 ± 6 154 ± 5 156 ± 5 171 ± 5 0.12
Triglyceridesa, mg/dl 82(70-96) 86(74-99) 83(73-95) 85(73-95) 0.62
HDL-c, mg/dl(1,2,3,4) 48 ± 2 53 ± 2 52 ± 2 57 ± 2 0.80
LDL-c, mg/dl (2,4) 84 ± 5 81 ± 4 85 ± 4 94 ± 4 0.04
SBP, mmHg(1,2,4) 112 ± 1 105 ± 1 113 ± 1 108 ± 1 0.26
DBP, mmHg(3,4) 64 ± 1 63 ± 1 67 ± 1 68 ± 1 0.30
hs-CRPa, mg/dl(2,4) 0.52(0.34-0.80) 0.62(0.42-0.92) 0.64(0.45-0.91) 1.03(0.72-1.48) 0.25
  1. Data are mean ± SE unless otherwise indicated
  2. 1 p < 0.05 for non-DM boys vs. girls
  3. 2 p < 0.05 for boys vs. girls with T1D
  4. 3 p < 0.05 for Non-DM vs. T1D boys
  5. 4 p < 0.05 for Non-DM vs. T1D girls
  6. adenotes geometric least square mean and 95 % confidence interval