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Table 1 Unadjusted characteristics by sex and diabetes status

From: Influences of gender on cardiovascular disease risk factors in adolescents with and without type 1 diabetes

Variable Non-diabetic controls N = 100 Type 1 diabetes subjects N = 300
  Boys (n = 47) Girls (n = 53) Boys (n = 152) Girls (n = 148)
Age, years1 14.9 ± 2.1 15.8 ± 2.0 15.6 ± 2.1 15.2 ± 2.1
Race-ethnicity, % NHW3 66 % 72 % 80 % 80 %
Type 1 diabetes duration, years -- -- 8.9 ± 2.9 8.6 ± 3.1
Current smoker, %2 2 % 9 % 11 % 3 %
Tanner stage, %1,2     
 I 6 % 2 % 5 % 1 %
 II 17 % 2 % 12 % 3 %
 III 9 % 20 % 10 % 10 %
 IV 34 % 21 % 20 % 35 %
 V 34 % 55 % 53 % 51 %
A1c, %2,3,4 5.3 ± 0.3 5.3 ± 0.3 8.7 ± 1.5 9.2 ± 1.7
Centered A1c2 0.0 ± 0.3 0.0 ± 0.3 -0.3 ± 1.5 0.2 ± 1.7
BMI Z-score2,3,4 0.18 ± 1.14 0.39 ± 0.94 0.46 ± 0.78 0.76 ± 0.71
Total cholesterol, mg/dl2,4 142 ± 27 149 ± 29 148 ± 29 165 ± 36
Triglyceridesa, mg/dl 70(34-163) 82(43-235) 74(27-326) 78(28-394)
HDL-c, mg/dl1,2,4 46 ± 8 50 ± 10 49 ± 9 54 ± 11
LDL-c, mg/dl2,4 81 ± 23 81 ± 23 83 ± 22 94 ± 29
SBP, mmHg1,2,3,4 111 ± 9 107 ± 8 115 ± 9 112 ± 8
DBP, mmHg2,3,4 64 ± 6 64 ± 6 68 ± 7 69 ± 6
Hs-CRPa, mg/dl2,4 0.31(0.03-5.85) 0.48(0.02-9.07) 0.46(0.05-9.2) 0.91(0.04-22)
  1. ageometric mean (range)
  2. NHW = non-Hispanic White
  3. 1 p < 0.05 for boys vs. girls Non-DM
  4. 2 p < 0.05 for boys vs. girls with type 1 diabetes
  5. 3 p < 0.05 for Non-DM vs. type 1 diabetes boys
  6. 4 p < 0.05 for Non-DM vs. type 1 diabetes girls