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Table 4 Regression coefficients between HOMA-IR and anthropometric parameters, serum lipids and adipocytokines in multiple regression analyses

From: Adiponectin/resistin levels and insulin resistance in children: a four country comparison study

Males Group 1 Group 2
Japan Italy USA Japan Thailand Italy USA
β p β p β p β p β p β p β p
Waist ** 0.464 <0.001* 0.293 0.01* 0.381 0.004 0.322 0.003* 0.365 <0.001* 0.578 0.006* 0.245 0.176
Systolic B.P. 0.162 0.041* 0.015 0.079 0.116 0.334 0.036 0.706 0.244 0.002* 0.046 0.002* 0.139 0.412
TG 0.140 0.086 0.003 0.294 0.394 0.007 0.443 <0.001* 0.234 0.005* 0.014 0.023* −0.020 0.899
HDL-C −0.128 0.128 −0.061 0.882 0.265 0.054 0.064 0.533 −0.007 0.928 0.003 0.844 −0.044 0.792
adiponectin −0.029 0.708 −0.008 0.716 −0.082 0.504 0.019 0.836 −0.062 0.430 −0.083 0.04* −0.291 0.078
resistin −0.042 0.578 0.015 0.611 0.039 0.744 −0.112 0.197 −0.035 0.607 −0.064 0.312 −0.112 0.485
Females Group 1 Group 2
Japan Italy USA Japan Thailand Italy USA
β p β p β p β p β p β p β p
Waist ** 0.318 <0.001* 0.337 0.009* 0.425 0.010* 0.094 0.367 0.343 0.001* 0.403 0.005* 0.347 0.028*
Systolic B.P. 0.153 0.072 0.007 0.544 0.151 0.321 0.278 0.012* 0.157 0.086 0.001 0.952 0.131 0.405
TG 0.264 0.002* 0.014 0.001* 0.206 0.207 0.092 0.396 0.126 0.102 0.013 0.012* −0.180 0.249
HDL-C −0.134 0.111 0.017 0.187 −0.074 0.645 −0.088 0.445 0.120 0.132 0.015 0.314 −0.455 0.006*
adiponectin −0.082 0.321 −0.043 0.115 −0.187 0.202 −0.299 0.010* −0.179 0.052 −0.071 0.025* 0.278 0.065
resistin −0.034 0.680 0.025 0.424 −0.070 0.619 0.141 0.166 0.041 0.599 0.031 0.293 −0.103 0.461
  1. Each value means the b- and p-value between HOMA-IR and each factor; *p < 0.05.
  2. **In Italy, the data of BMI Z-scores was used rather than the data of waist.
  3. BMI, body mass index; B.P., blood pressure; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol; TG, triglycerides; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance.