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Table 3 Correlation coefficients between adiponectin, resistin and selected parameters related to metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance

From: Adiponectin/resistin levels and insulin resistance in children: a four country comparison study

Males Group 1 Group 2
Adiponectin Resistin Adiponectin Resistin
Japan Italy USA Japan Italy USA Japan Thailand Italy USA Japan Thailand Italy USA
BMI Z-scores −0.117 −0.143 −0.236 0.072 0.154 0.139 −0.339* −0.455* −0.243* −0.487* 0.032 0.054 0.216* −0.066
Waist −0.121 - −0.135 0.092 - 0.226 −0.3* −0.454* - −0451* 0.035 0.081 - −0.176
Systolic B.P. −0.064 0.029 0.003 0.049 0.206* 0.289* −0.213* −0.206* 0.071 −0.303* −0.231* 0.008 0.098 −0.156
Diastolic B.P. −0.053 0.132 0.114 0.153 0.182* 0.126 −0.043 0.184* 0.005 0.229 −0.024 −0.006 −0.051 0.026
HDL-C 0.25* 0.417* 0.284* −0.05 −0.157 −0.164 0.346* 0.389* 0.260* 0.282 0.013 −0.032 −0.083 −0.210
TG −0.166 −0.215* −0.347* 0.085 0.182* 0.253 −0.24* −0.27* −0.087 0.013 −0.082 −0.003 0.098 0.079
Insulin −0.143 −0.088 −0.188 −0.001 0.122 0.147 −0.179 −0.394* −0.196* −0.475* −0.094 0.049 0.088 −0.228
HOMA-IR −0.157 −0.078 −0.207 −0.003 0.126 0.131 −0.189 −0.389* −0.176 −0.471* −0.116 0.028 0.110 −0.263
Females Group 1 Group 2
Adiponectin Resistin Adiponectin Resistin
Japan Italy USA Japan Italy USA Japan Thailand Italy USA Japan Thailand Italy USA
BMI Z-scores −0.196* −0.196* −0.498* 0.095 0.228* 0.224 −0.486* −0.478* −0.047 −0.303* −0.018 0.289* 0.143 0.115
Waist −0.263+ - −0.483* −0.003 - 0.174 −0.45* −0.501* - −0.163 0.002 0.14 - 0.043
Systolic B.P. −0.017 −0.023 −0.361* 0.209* 0.241* −0.023 −0.232* −0.384* 0.018 −0.011 −0.044 0.206* 0.165 0.031
Diastolic B.P. 0.224* −0.031 −0.051 0.126 0.177 −0.165 −0.161 −0.136 −0146 −0.125 −0.027 0.106 0.123 0.047
HDL-C 0.234* 0.352* 0.213 0.106 −0.102 −0.049 0.293* 0.274* 0.113 0.414* −0.069 −0.075 −0.166 0.100
TG −0.207* −0.105 0.014 −0.100 0.16 −0.162 −0.265* −0.136 −0.2* −0.02 0.09 0.007 0.073 0.025
Insulin −0.239* −0.212* −0.33* 0.001 0.268* −0.044 −0.386* −0.478* −0.217* −0.076 0.133 0.112 0.106 −0.079
HOMA-IR −0.247* −0.199* −0.346* 0.015 0.256* 0.001 −0.397* −0.475* −0.227* −0.067 0.155 0.125 0.103 −0.117
  1. Each value represents the correlation coefficient between two parameters. p-values are as follows; *p < 0.05.
  2. BMI, body mass index; B.P., blood pressure; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol; TG, triglycerides; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance.