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Table 1 Clinical and metabolic characteristics of lean and obese adolescents

From: Obesity, hyperglycemia and endothelial function in inner city Bronx adolescents: a cross-sectional study

Characteristic * Lean control (n = 14) Obese P for trend
   NGT (n = 22) IGR (n = 15)  
AGE (years) 14.93 ± 0.64 15.45 ± 0.0.42 15.26 ± 0.54 0.63
Females 64% 72% 73% 0.85
Race/Ethnicity     
Hispanic 71.4% 73% 80% 0.9
AA 21.4% 18% 20%  
Others 7% 9% 0%  
Weight (Kg) 56.34 ± 2.49 98.42 ± 5.20 101.78 ± 4.86 0.64
WAIST (cm) 75.98 ± 1.86 103.54 ± 3.20 110.45 ± 4.01 <0.001
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 22.69 ± 0.77 36.37 ± 1.89 37.44 ± 1.25 <0.001
SYSBP (mmHg) 117.50 ± 3.31 118.14 ± 2.18 111.53 ± 2.24 0.19
DIASBP (mmHg) 70.71 ± 2.41 68.31 ± 3.86 71.47 ± 2.47 0.99
Fasting Glucose (mg/dl) 86.9 ± 4.00 82.36 ± 1.53 101.33 ± 4.51 0.001
HbA1C (%) 5.55 ± 0.16 5.61 ± 0.09 5.77 ± 0.13 0.39
HOMA-IR 1.75 ± 0.65 4.22 ± 0.56 10.42 ± 0.43 <0.001
TG (mg/dl) 72.50 (53–97) 81 (61–122) 97 (62–164) 0.09
HDL (mg/dl) 50.5 (41–58) 41.5 (37–46) 40 (36–52) 0.21
  1. Legend –AA—Africo-American, SYSBP—systolic BP, DYSBP—diastolic BP, HDL -- high density lipoprotein, TG—triglycerides, HOMA-IR-- homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance: {fasting glucose (mg/dl)}{fasting insulin(μU/ml)}/40, NGT- fasting glucose level < 100 mg/dl and a 2 hour postprandial glucose level < 140 mg/d, IGR- fasting level ≥100 mg/dl and/or 2 hr ≥140. *Values are mean ± SE, median (IQR) or percent.