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Table 4 Changes of BMI z-score and metabolic parameters according to the frequency of clinic visits

From: Long-term effects of a non-intensive weight program on body mass index and metabolic abnormalities of obese children and adolescents

  ≤ 2 Outpatient visits
(n=13)
p-value >2 Outpatient visits
(n=48)
p-value
Initial Visit Last Visit   Initial Visit Last Visit
Age (years) 10.9 ± 1.64    11.2 ± 2.9   0.71
Sex (male/female) 5/8    17/31   0.84
BMI z-score 2.44 ± 0.4 2.37 ± 0.4 0.66 2.5 ± 0.4 2.32 ± 0.4 0.03
Fasting glucose (mmol/L)a 4.8 ± 0.32 4.5 ± 0.4 0.09 4.8 ± 0.6 4.7 ± 0.5 0.21
Fasting insulin (pmol/L)b 151.4 ± 59.0 150.01 ± 95.8 0.97 143.8 ± 97.2 131.3 ± 102.1 0.54
HOMA-IR 4.7 ± 1.8 4.4 ± 2.9 0.8 4.5 ± 3.2 4 ± 2.9 0.4
HDL-cholesterol (mmol/L)c 1.2 ± 0.2 1.1 ± 0.3 0.25 1.2 ± 0.3 1.2 ± 0.3 0.98
LDL-cholesterol (mmol/L)c 106.2 ± 84.4 97.9 ± 12.3 0.16 111.3 ± 36.7 96.4 ± 23.5 0.022
Triglycerides (mmol/L)d 1.6 ± 1 1.2 ± 0.4 0.20 1.1 ± 0.7 1 ± 0.4 0.13
2-hour glucose (mmol/L)a (n=8) 5.8 ± 1.2 5.3 ± 1.3 0.44 (n=34) 6.3 ± 1.2 5.2 ± 1.0 0.0001
Peak insulin (pmol/L)a (n=6) 1486.9 ± 1039.0 1474.4 ± 1206.3 0.98 (n=32) 1472.3 ± 817.4 952.9 ± 563.2 0.0036
  1. Results are expressed as mean ± SD. p-values < 0.05 are in bold.
  2. aTo convert to mg/dL divide by 0.0555.
  3. bTo convert to μIU/mL divide by 6.945.
  4. cTo convert to mg/dL divide by 0.0259.
  5. dTo convert to mg/dL divide by 0.0113.