Skip to main content

Table 4 Examples of estimates of procedural risks

From: Overcoming burdens in the regulation of clinical research in children. Proceedings of a consensus conference, in historical context

Procedure Minimal risk Minor increase
over minimal
More than
minor increase
over minimal
Comment
Venipuncture X    
Indwelling peripheral venous catheter X    Risk level may be raised by other factors
Wrist-hand x-ray X    
Bone density test X    
Oral glucose tolerance test X    
Skin punch biopsy with topical pain relief   X   
Organ biopsy    X  
MRI, no sedation X    Risk level may be raised by other factors
MRI, with sedation   X   Intubation may decrease risk for certain children
  1. Abridged from NHRPAC (2002).