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Table 1 Prevalence of Biopsy-Proven CD in T1D in Pediatric Populations Around the World.

From: Celiac Disease and Pediatric Type 1 Diabetes: Diagnostic and Treatment Dilemmas

Geographic Location Author Age (years) Prevalence CD + DM (%) Study Design
Europe      
Finland 1996 [14] Saukkonen et al. 776 2–21 2.4 Cohort
Spain 1998 [15] Roldan et al. 177 3.9 Cohort
Austria 2003 [16] Crone et al. 157 14.8 5.1 Prospective Cohort
Denmark 2006 [17] Hansen et al. 106 10.8 (median) 10.4 Cross-sectional
United Kingdom 2007 [18] Goh and Banerjee 113 12.1 4.42 Cross-sectional
Sweden 2008 [19] Larsson et al. 300 9.2 9.67 Prospective cohort
Italy 2008 [20] Salardi et al. 331 6.65 Retro/Prospective
Greece 2009 [21] Karavanaki et al. 144 3.47 Cross-sectional
North America      
United States 2001 [22] Aktay et al. 218 4–21 4.6 Cross-sectional
Canada 2001 [23] Gillett et al. 233 children 7.7 Cross-sectional
South America      
Brazil 2005 [24] Baptista et al. 104 4.8 Cross-sectional
Africa      
Algeria 1996 [25] Boudraa et al. 116 1–19.5 16.4 Cohort
Libya 2003 [26] Ashabani et al. 234 10.3 Cross-sectional
Egypt 2005 [27] Salah et al. 200 11.2 4.0 Cross-sectional
Tunisia 2007 [28] Mankai et al. 205 11 (median) 5.3 Prospective cohort
Australia      
Australia 2000 [29] Smith et al. 218 5.7 Cross-sectional
Middle East      
Saudi Arabia 2003 [30] Al-Ashwal et al. 123 young patients 4.9 Cross-sectional
Iran 2009 [31] Fallahi et al. 96 12 (median) 6.2 Cross-sectional